Spain, 1930. Goya, by Vincente Lopez Spain, 1958. Goya, by Vicente Lopez. Scott 872.

    Goya y Lucientes, Francisco José de (1746-1828), Spanish painter and etcher considered, with El Greco and Diego Velázquez, one of the greatest Spanish masters. Goya was born in the small Aragonese town of Fuendetodos (near Saragossa) on March 30, 1746. His father was a painter and a gilder of altarpieces, and his mother was descended from a family of minor Aragonese nobility.

In IE you are invited to point on the stamps with the mouse index for more information.

Spain, 1958. Isabel Cobos de Porcel. Scott 871 Spain, 1958. El Pelele -Carnival Doll. Scott 873 Spain, 1958. Wife of the Book sellers of the Carretas Street. Scott 868. Spain, 1958. Duke of Fernan-Nuñez. Scott 869. Spain, 1958. Goya's Grandson Marianito. Scott 874.

    By 1786 Goya was working in an official capacity for Charles III, the most enlightened Spanish monarch of the 18th century. Goya was appointed first court painter in 1799.  

Bulgaria, 1996. The second of May. Scott 3945. Bulgaria, 1996. Fresco of the Deaf's House. Scott 3943. Bulgaria, 1996. Young Woman with a Letter, detail. Scott 3944. Bulgaria, 1996. Meighboring Women on a Balcony. Scott 3946.

    Some of Goya's most beautiful portraits of his friends, members of the court, and the nobility date from the 1780s. Works such as Marquesa de Pontejos (c. 1786, National Gallery, Washington, D.C.) show that Goya was then painting in an elegant manner somewhat reminiscent of the style of his English contemporary Thomas Gainsborough.

Hungary, 1968. The Knife Grinder. Scott 1906. Albania, 1996. Self-portrait. Scott 2519 Hungary, 1968. Girl with Pitcher. Scott 1900.

    In the winter of 1792, while on a visit to southern Spain, Goya contracted a serious disease that left him totally deaf and marked a turning point in his career. A mood of pessimism entered Goya's work. Between 1797 and 1799 he drew and etched the first of his great print series Los Caprichos (The Caprices), which, in their satirical humour, mock the social mores and superstitions of the time.

Paraguay, 1969. Don Manuel Osorio. Scott 1202. Paraguay, 1969. Truth, Time and History. Scott 1205. Paraguay, 1969. The Forge. Scott 1206. Paraguay, 1969. Francesca Sabasa y Gracia. Scott 1201.

    The horrors of warfare were of great concern to Goya, who observed at first hand the battles between French soldiers and Spanish citizens during the bloody years of the Napoleonic occupation of Spain. His paintings depict horrifying and dramatically brutal massacres of groups of unarmed Spanish street fighters by French soldiers.

Rusia, 1985. Portrait of the Actress Antonia Zarate. Scott 5340. Austria, 1969. Etching. El Cid Killing the Bull. Scott 847.

    Goya died in self-imposed exile in Bordeaux, France, on April 16, 1828. He left no immediate followers of consequence, but his influence was strongly felt in mid-19th-century painting and printmaking and in 20th-century art. (After Microsoft Encarta 1996).

     At the time when the first version of this page was published, 48 countries issued stamps commemorating Goya and his masterpieces. A small selection of them is displayed on the present page.

     It is interesting to notice that the image on the above stamp, issued by Spain in 1958, and showing the beautiful Dona Isabel Cobos de Porcel, is flipped.

     The stamp from Panama, on which we would rather expect such an error, displays correctly the painting, as seen on the original painting on the right of it.

Created: Dec. 1999. Revised: April 2011
Copyright ©  1999 - 2011 by Victor Manta, Switzerland.
All rights reserved worldwide.

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